Fiber is needed to prevent constipation. High fiber foods increase intestinal peristalsis & promote the expulsion of stool, which, at the same time, becomes much softer so it does not damage the walls of anus & veins of this area. Moreover, by means of facilitating evacuation, Fiber can avoid exerting excessive force to expel feces, so anus veins do not get so much stressed.
Foods increase in fiber includes the following:
Whole Grains: Whole grains (Rice, corn, Oats, Wheat, etc.) contain very much fiber. It is interesting to eat whole grains to promote the elimination of feces. Among them Oats is the one which contains more soluble fiber, hence it is advisable to take this food in the form of flakes, especially at breakfast. Eating whole bread is another way to ingest this component. When preparing pasta dishes (noodles, Spaghetti, Pizza, and Ravioli etc), It is better to cook them with whole pasta.
The inclusion of supplemental bran in the diet can also help prevent or improve hemorrhoids.
Legumes: Legumes (Lentils, Beans, Broad beans, Peas, Chickpeas, soybeans) are food rich in fiber. Among them some deserves to be especially nominated such as chickpeas, beans, lentils & soybeans (One cup of beans contains 13 gms of fiber) (One cup of lentils contains 7.9 gms of fiber) (one cup of broad beans about 7.3 gm, & 1 cup soybeans about 6 gms).
Fruits: Although the fiber content of fruit does not reach that of cereals or legumes. Fruit are food that contains plenty of fiber. Especially rich in fiber are Oranges, Apples, Figs, Strawberries, Kiwis, banana, Pears and Grapes.
Nuts also contain a lot (Walnut, Almonds, and Hazelnuts etc.)
Vegetables: They are very rich in fiber. Among them we can especially mention Carrots, Artichokes, Potatoes, Spinach.
Water intake in Hemorrhoids Diet
One should drink at least a couple of liter of water a day in the diet of hemorrhoids. Water helps soften the stool & facilitate defecation.
Non Suitable foods for Hemorrhoids Diet: We will consider the following food to avoid or eat with caution in the diet of hemorrhoids.
Refined Cereals: Refining of these foods remove most of the fiber, so that the intakes of white rice, white bread or refined pasta is not advised in the diet of the person suffering from hemorrhoids. One should also avoid products made with white flour such as biscuits, cakes etc.
Refined Sugar: Besides predisposing to obesity refined sugar are very low in fiber. They favor constipation, so they are not suitable for the person with Hemorrhoids. Cakes, candy, or sweets, in general containing such sugar should also be avoided.
Spicy food: Hot pepper can exacerbate the pain or itching of hemorrhoids. You should not take spice, mustard, pepper or their spicy sauces when suffering from hemorrhoids. Instead we can use herbs to flavor meals.
Salty Foods or food containing too much salt- Salt in excess harms hemorrhoids. Salty preserved foods are not adequate for people with hemorrhoids. Thus they should minimize the consumption olives, salted sardines, anchovies etc. or other food rich in salt.
Alcohol & coffee for Hemorrhoids: For their vasoconstrictor properties alcohol & coffee are not suitable, Smoking tobacco must also be rejected because it also constrains blood vessels.